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Endive Seeds - Encornet De Bordeaux

Botanical - Cichorium endivia


Seed Count:
400 Seeds
Usually despatched within 24 hours
See "Delivery Charge" tab below
Price £1.45

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400 Seeds.

Other Names - Broad Leaved Endive…

This variety of endive is very hardy especially if the plants are kept to a small size over the cold winter months. Encornet De Bordeaux produces dark green serrated leaves which adds flavour and interest to the salad bowl. If used as a cut and come again this variety will produce good quality leaves over a long season.

  • Suitable for cut and come again.
  • Ideal for containers.
  • Very hardy.

Suitable For - Vegetable plot, raised beds, container garden, limited space

Sowing Months - April - June, September for winter leaves

Harvest - June - October, November - May from a September sowing

Gardening is about finding the right balance! Try growing Companion Plants close by to help deter pests.

  • Amaranth is great for attracting the ground beetle. This predatory beetle eats slugs, snails, slug and snail eggs, caterpillars and weed seed.
  • Low growing Limnanthes helps to keep the surrounding soil moist, supresses weed growth, attracts bees, hoverflies who's larvae feed on aphids and can be dug in as green manure at the end of the season.
  • Calendula (Pot marigold) attracts predatory insects such as lacewings, ladybirds and hoverflies who love to feast on aphids.
  • Aphids are attracted to nasturtiums. Grow these flowers close by as a sacrificial plant.

Soil Preperation

Add well rotted manure or compost to the soil a few weeks before sowing or planting. Remove any weeds and 1 - 2 weeks before sowing or planting add some general purpose organic fertilizer to the bed.

General InformationSowing & Planting Information
Habit Biennial, grown as an annual Module Grown & Transplants
Type N/A Distance between plants 25 cm
Position Full sun Distance between rows 25 cm
Average height 25 cm Direct Sowing
Average spread 35 cm Sowing distance between plants 2 cm
Hardiness Hardy Distance between rows 25 cm
Overwintering Undercover Sowing depth 1 cm
Soil Ph 6.5 - 7.0 Germination temperature 15 to 20℃
    Days to germination 7 - 14 days

Sowing Guide

Early Sowing/Module Sowing

Sow 2 - 3 seeds per 4 cm module. When the seedlings start to germinate move to an area with good daylight exposure, a windowsill or greenhouse is ideal. Keep the compost moist but do not overwater. When the seedlings are big enough to handle thin to 1 strong seedling per module. 2 - 3 weeks later plant out into their final growing position. Harden off over a few days before planting out. Plant at the distance suggested above. Firm the soil around each plant and water well.

Direct Sowing

Sow 1 seed every 2 cm at the depth and row distance suggested above. Cover the seeds with soil and water well. When the seedlings are big enough to handle start to thin out the seedlings. Thin out in stages until the plants are 25 cm apart. The older thinning's should be big enough to eat.

Growing On

Weed often to keep competing plants under control. Water well especially in dry weather otherwise the plants may run to seed. Endive is naturally bitter in flavour, however the leaves inside the heart will naturally be less bitter as they will have been blanched. However if an even less bitter taste is preferred the plants can be blanched further by simply covering the whole endive with a container when it is around 10 - 12 weeks old.
To blanch, select a few plants at a time. To prevent rotting the plants must be dry. Cover each selected endive with a container or flower pot. If the plants are too wide to fit under the container loosely tie up the leaves with some garden twine before sliding the container over them. Cover any drainage holes in the containers to keep all the light out. 3 weeks later (in summer) and 5 weeks later (in winter) the covered endive should be ready to harvest.
If the winter is fairly mild and the endive hearts are protected under a cloche or fleece the large endive plants may survive the winter. However late autumn sowings which have not formed a heart before the severe frosts arrive because they have been kept small by regular picking of the outer leaves are very frost hardy and if protected are more likely to survive a severe frost than large endive plants.


Endive which has formed a heart should be harvested before any severe frosts arrive, ideally by late November. Cut the heart with a sharp knife, they will keep in the fridge for about 2 - 3 weeks in a polythene bag. Hearting endive can also be stored in boxes in a shed or garage for several weeks if the whole plant is lifted, include the roots and some soil.
Autumn sown endive can be picked regularly over the winter and spring months as a cut and come again plant. Pick the outer leaves only leaving the small middle leaves to mature for the next harvest. Endive will naturally run to seed in late May.


Problems with slugs & snails? Try placing beer traps close to the affected plants. A jar half filled with stale beer, half buried in the soil works well as a tempting lure.

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